Bower's White-toothed Rat Berylmys bowersi


Size: HB: 245; T: 256; HF:55; E:30; W:420g

A large sized rat, with white teeth, recurved incisors, small bullae, third upper molar small compared to the larger one of R.mulleri. 2+2 mammae, feet white with a broad black band on the top, tail long.


This species is recorded from China (Yunnan and Sichuan to Zhejiang and Fujian [Smith and Xie 2008]), north-east India (Agrawal, 2000), north and central Myanmar, Northern and Peninsular Thailand, Northern Lao PDR, Vietnam, Malay Peninsula, and Medan in North-West Sumatra, Indonesia (see Musser and Carleton 2005). Appears to have a wide elevational range 600-1,800 m (Molur et al. 2005).
Countries: Native:
China; India; Indonesia; Lao People's Democratic Republic; Malaysia; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam.


 Common and locally abundant, albeit patchily distributed.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology:

 In general this species is present in a wide variety of habitats where there is suitable continuous tree cover, from forest to plantations. In South Asia, it occurs in temperate and subtropical montane forests, and is found in burrows in cultivated fields, disturbed primary and secondary forests, abandoned jhum (shifting agriculture), scrub, moist deciduous and evergreen patches (Molur et al. 2005).
Systems: Terrestrial

Major Threat(s):

It might possibly be threatened in some parts of its range where there has been extensive forest loss.

 Conservation Actions:

 It is presumably present in several protected areas. It is not known from any of the protected areas within its range in South Asia (Molur et al. 2005). Further taxonomic work is required to determine whether populations on the Malay peninsula south of the Isthmus of Kra may be a separate species. It is listed in the Schedule V (considered as vermin) of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.