Bower's White-toothed Rat Berylmys bowersi
Size: HB: 245; T: 256; HF:55; E:30; W:420g
A large sized rat, with white teeth, recurved incisors, small bullae, third upper molar small compared to the larger one of R.mulleri. 2+2 mammae, feet white with a broad black band on the top, tail long.
This species is recorded from China (Yunnan and Sichuan to
Zhejiang and Fujian [Smith and Xie 2008]), north-east India (Agrawal, 2000),
north and central Myanmar, Northern and Peninsular Thailand, Northern Lao PDR,
Vietnam, Malay Peninsula, and Medan in North-West Sumatra, Indonesia (see Musser
and Carleton 2005). Appears to have a wide elevational range 600-1,800 m (Molur
et al. 2005).
China; India; Indonesia; Lao People's Democratic Republic; Malaysia; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam.
Common and locally abundant, albeit
Population Trend: Decreasing
Habitat and Ecology:
In general this species is present in a wide variety of
habitats where there is suitable continuous tree cover, from forest to
plantations. In South Asia, it occurs in temperate and subtropical montane
forests, and is found in burrows in cultivated fields, disturbed primary and
secondary forests, abandoned jhum (shifting agriculture), scrub, moist deciduous
and evergreen patches (Molur et al. 2005).
It might possibly be threatened in some parts of its range
where there has been extensive forest loss.
It is presumably present in several protected areas. It is not known from any of the protected areas within its range in South Asia (Molur et al. 2005). Further taxonomic work is required to determine whether populations on the Malay peninsula south of the Isthmus of Kra may be a separate species. It is listed in the Schedule V (considered as vermin) of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.