Gairdner's Shrewmouse (Mus pahari)
HB:96., T:86., HF: 22,. E;14., W28g.
A large spiny mouse, dark bluish grey on the back. The underparts are silvery with grey bases. The feet are white. The tail is long and the screw like appearance of the head is enhanced by the small eyes and ears and long nose. The smoothly rounded and tapered skull is further distinguished, as in other Coelomys, by a narrower zygomatic plate whose front border slants backward. The frontal bones are rounded off along the edge of the orbit.
This species is widespread from North-Eastern India
(Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim and West
Bengal), Bhutan (Putlibir), Myanmar, Southern China (Southeast Xizang, Yunnan,
South Sichuan, Guizhou, Guangxi), Thailand,
Southwest Cambodia, Lao PDR,
and Central and Northern Vietnam (Molur et al. 2005; Musser and Carleton 2005;
Francis 2008; Smith and Xie 2008). It is found between 200 and around 2,000 m
Bhutan; Cambodia; China; India; Lao People's Democratic Republic; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam
: In general, this species seems to be relatively uncommon.
Population Trend: Stable
Habitat and Ecology:
It is a nocturnal, semi-arboreal and terrestrial species
(Molur et al. 2005). This species occurs mostly in montane forests (Marshall
1977; Musser and Newcomb 1983), it occurs in both primary and secondary forest.
It can be found at the forest edge, but is closely associated with forest
habitats. It builds globular nests in dry grass (Molur et al. 2005; Smith 2008).
There appear to be no major threats to this species. It is
present in secondary and modified areas of forest.
Globally, it is presumably present in many protected areas. Further taxonomic studies are needed for this species complex. It is listed in the Schedule V (considered as vermin) of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972. It is known from Dampa Wildlife Sanctuary, Mizoram in India. Survey, life history studies and monitoring are recommended for the South Asian populations of the species (Molur et al. 2005).