Himalayan Field Rat (Rattus nitidus)


HB: 177; T:168; HF: 37; E: 21; W: 122g

A medium sized, brown greyish rat with a dark tail, dull grey underparts and pearly white feet.; mammae 3+3, sort short fur, long rostrum, and broad, flat cranial roof. There are 8 pairs of small metacentric chromosomes. No ectoparasites have been found.

Range Description:

This very widespread Asian species, ranges from North-Eastern South Asia (Bhutan, India and Nepal [Molur et al. 2005]; probably present in Bangladesh), much of Central, Southern and Eastern China (including the island of Hainan) (Smith and Xie 2008), ranging into Southeast Asia, where it has been recorded from Myanmar, Thailand, Lao PDR, Vietnam and probably occurs more widely. It has been introduced to Benguet Province, Luzon in the Philippines; Palau; central Sulawesi (Indonesia); Seram (Indonesia); and the Vogelkop Peninsula of Papua Province (Indonesia) (Corbet and Hill 1992; Flannery 1995; Musser and Carleton 2005). In South Asia the species occurs from 686 to 2,740 m asl (Molur et al. 2005). It is presumably found as low as sea level in parts of its range.
Countries: Native:
Bhutan; China; India; Myanmar; Nepal; Thailand; Vietnam
Indonesia; Palau; Philippines

Habitat and Ecology:

 This very adaptable species occurs in various forest types, cropland and human settlements, and lives exclusively inside houses of hill tribe villages. It is a really good climber. They have litters of around 6.
Systems: Terrestrial

Major Threat(s):

There are no major threats to this species.

 Conservation Actions:

It is present in many protected areas. It is listed in the Schedule V (considered as vermin) of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972. Additional taxonomic studies are needed for this species.