Shamel's Horseshoe Bat (Rhinolophus shameli)
HB: 52-55; T: 17-19; FA: 46-48; E: 18-20; HF:9
There are two colour phases, brownish and reddish with underparts lighter; the face, rostrum and lower back of the neck are usually light brown This colour extends to the middle of the back, forming a distinct triangle The head is dark brown to the anterior base of the ears, The nose leaf is as in coelophyllusith a rudimentary supplementary nose leaf which is lacking in coelophyllusith. The skull behind the nasal swelling is flat, depressed below the level of the swelling, the sides not ridged or beaded.
The species is known from northern Thailand as well as islands
on the south east coast of Thailand (Koh Chang Islands),
and from eastern
Myanmar (Struebig et al. 2005), Lao PDR, Cambodia, and Central Vietnam.
Cambodia; Lao People's Democratic Republic; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam
It is locally common in eastern Myanmar and Thailand,
but locally rare in Viet Nam.
Population Trend: Unknown
Habitat and Ecology:
It inhabits undisturbed lowland evergreen forest (Thong
et al. 2006) and secondary forest. In Thailand it occurs in secondary
mixed deciduous forest (S. Bumrungsri pers. comm.); in Myanmar it is associated
with limestone caves around at least 1,000 m asl (P. Bates pers. comm.) within
very disturbed areas (P. Bates pers. comm.).
There are no major threats to this species.
It is not reported from any protected areas.