Short-Tailed Gymnure (Hylomys suillus)


HB: 105-145; T:12-10; HF: 23-26; E:15-17; W: 15-20 g

Hylomys is the smallest of the gymnures and has the shortest tail. The coat is soft; the hairs are grey at the base and yellow at the tip, or black throughout, giving the coat a drab brown colour; the underparts are buffy. An indistinct black nape or dorsal strip may be present. The ears are rather large, naked and dark brown in colour. The hands and feet are long and slim, and only scantly haired; there are 5 digits, but the first and fifth reach only the bases of the three middle toes. A strong odour is present. though less apparent than in Echinosorex. There are 4 mammae, 1 pair inguinal and one pair thoracic. The teeth are slightly reduced in size, with corresponding reduction of the facial parts of the skull.

 Range Description:

The species ranges widely in southeast Asia. It ranges from southern Yunnan (Smith et al. 2008), through Eastern and Southern Myanmar, most of Lao PDR and Vietnam, northern Cambodia and most of Thailand, south to Penininsular Malaysia, Tioman (Malaysia), Sumatra (mainly in the mountain chain), Java, and Borneo (Brunei, Northern Kalimantan, Sabah and Northern Sarawak) (Ruedi et al. 1994; Ruedi and Fumagalli 1996). It is generally, though not always, found in hilly areas. A survey conducted by Nor (2001) on Mount Kinabalu, Malaysia, found individuals of this species at 1,700 m asl and higher. In other areas, such as in Sumatra, the species can be found as high as 3,000 m asl, while on the Asian mainland it has been found as low as 90 m asl.
Countries: Native:
Brunei Darussalam; Cambodia; China; Indonesia; Lao People's Democratic Republic; Malaysia; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam


This is a common species in many places. Its population is probably stable, as it is adaptable to anthropogenic habitats.
Population Trend: Stable

Habitat and Ecology:

This species prefers humid montane habitats, but it is also found in lowland forests. Individuals found on the Bolaven Plateau in southern Lao PDR were living in degraded scrubland, and the species appears to be adaptable to a number of anthropogenic habitats. These animals find shelter in nests of dead leaves located in hollow structures on the ground and under rocks. The diet is predominately composed of invertebrates, including insects and earthworms, but it can also feed on fruits. The species breeds throughout the year, giving birth to up to three young. The lifespan does not usually exceed two years.
Systems: Terrestrial

Major Threat(s):

 There are no major threats to this widespread and adaptable species.

Conservation Actions:

This species is found in many protected areas.