Smaller Horseshoe Bat (Rhinolophus megaphyllus)
This species ranges from the island of New Guinea (Papua New Guinea only), the Bismarck Archipelago (islands of New Britain and New Ireland) (Papua New Guinea); the D’Entrecasteaux Islands (Papua New Guinea), the Louisade Archipelago (Papua New Guinea), and on the Eastern coast of Australia from Cape York to Victoria (Flannery 1995a,b; Bonaccorso 1998; Pavey and Young 2008). It occurs from sea level up to 1,600 m asl. It as been noted in Thailand but more information is needed to confirm
Australia (New South Wales, Queensland, Victoria); Indonesia (Irian Jaya, Lesser Sunda Is., Maluku); Papua New Guinea (Bismarck Archipelago)
It is locally common in suitable habitats within Australia,
common in New Guinea, and relatively abundant in New Ireland and New Britain,
and islands of Milne Bay.
Population Trend: Unknown
Habitat and Ecology:
This is a cave (including lava tunnel) roosting species that
is generally associated with closed tropical forest habitats and hot humid
roosting sites. It has been recorded from rural gardens and plantations.
Colonies usually consist of less than 50 individuals, but they sometimes
(rarely) exceed 2,000 (Pavey and Young 2008). Females give birth to a single
young. Its range has expanded in the south due to mine shafts in the last 100
years (L. Lumsden pers. comm.).
There appear to be no major threats to this species. It is
generally sensitive to disturbance of cave roosting sites.
It is present in a number of protected areas.