Woolly Horseshoe Bat (Rhinolophus luctus)

Range Description:


HB: 75-95; T: 48-56; FA: 72-75; E: 35-42;

The fur is rather woolly, dark grey approaching black; there is a grey iridescence on the hairs of the upperparts. Older individuals are browner. The nose leaf is dull black; the anterior leaf is large, projecting over the lip. It is deeply grooved in the centre. The sella has a lappet on each side. The dorsal connecting process is very low, extending on both sides. The lancet is long, terminating in a blunt point. The ears are long and pointed, with the outer margin concave below the tip. The second premolar is usually with the tooth row; the upper first premolar is always in the tooth row, though its cusp is rudimentary or lacking.

This species is widespread in South Asia, southern China and South East Asia. In South Asia it is presently known from Bangladesh (Chittagong and Sylhet divisions), India (Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Madhya Pradesh, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Uttaranchal, Sikkim and West Bengal) and Nepal (Central and Eastern Nepal) in South Asia (Molur et al. 2002). In south-eastern China, the species has been recorded from Zhejiang, Jiangxi, Guangdong, Guizhou, Sichuan, Fujian, Guangxi, Anhui, Yunnan and Hainan Island. It has been recorded throughout most of continental Southeast Asia, and ranges into Indonesia (Sumatra, Java and Bali) and the island of Borneo (Brunei, Indonesia and Malaysia). It has been recorded from sea level to an elevation of 1,600 m asl.
Countries: Native:
Bangladesh; Cambodia; China; India; Indonesia (Bali, Jawa, Kalimantan, Sumatera); Lao People's Democratic Republic; Malaysia (Peninsular Malaysia, Sabah, Sarawak); Myanmar; Nepal; Singapore; Thailand; Vietnam


The species appears to be found at naturally low densities.
Population Trend: Unknown

 Habitat and Ecology:

 In South Asia, this species is a forest dweller, it roosts solitary or in pairs in small to large caves, rocky outcrops and overhanging ledges and large trees with hollow (Molur et al. 2002). Its flight is low just above the ground and feeds on coleopterans, termites and other insects. In Southeast Asia it is considered to be forest dependent, although it is present in degraded forest (and is apparently somewhat resistant to human disturbance). Roost in small groups in rocky outcrops, rock crevices, niches in cliffs, shallow holes in earth banks, roosts of trees, and hollow trees. In China, most have been collected in forested areas and have been collected from tunnels, old mine shafts, hollow trees and under thick bark.
Systems: Terrestrial

 Major Threat(s):

 In view of the species wide range, it seems probable that there are no overall major threats to the species. In South Asia, the habitat of this species is being deforested for timber, firewood and conversion to agricultural use. It is also threatened by hunting for medicinal purposes (Debojit Pukhan pers. comm. January 2002, Molur et al. 2002).

 Conservation Actions:

 There are no direct conservation measures in place. In South Asia, it is recorded from protected areas in India like Satpura National Park in Madhya Pradesh. Taxonomy, distribution, ecology, habitat and population monitoring are recommended for this species (Molur et al. 2002). In Southeast Asia, it has been collected in a number of protected areas, including Vu Quang National Park, Vietnam (Borissenko and Kruskop, 2003).