Indochinese Flying Squirrel (Hylopetes phayrei)

The squirrel is  known as Phayer's flying squirrel. The Phayrei in question is Sir Arthur Purvis Phayrei, an officer in the British Army who worked mainly in Burma, then a British colony, including serving several years as commissioner of Burma under Queen Victoria. He also ruled as the governor of Mauritius for a few years. Phayrei wrote the first comprehensive English-language history of Burma.


The back and head range in colour from grey to drab brown, depending on whether the hairs are tipped with whitish or brown. The tail is flattened underneath, but only slightly flattened underneath. The tail is dark grey to drab brown, or a mixture with the brownish colour at the base and along the sides. The underparts are creamy white, and there is a whitish mark behind the ear. Very similar to Particolored Flying Squirrel Hylopetes alboniger  but smaller.

Range Description:

According to Nowak (1999) the range of this species is Myanmar, Thailand, Lao PDR, north-western Vietnam, Guizhou, and possibly Fujian provinces in China. According to Smith and Xie (2008), it occurs on Hainan Island and in the provinces of Guizhou, Guangxi, and Fujian in China. The 1999 Status Report for Wildlife of Lao PDR indicates that no historical specimens have been confirmed and that the distribution within Lao PDR is provisional (Duckworth et al. 1999). This species occupies an elevational range of 0-1,500 m asl (Duckworth 2004).
Countries: Native:
(Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan); Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam


There are currently no data regarding the population status of this species.

Habitat and Ecology:

This species occurs in lower montane forests and mixed deciduous forests (Smith and Xie 2008). It can exist in partly cleared forests near cultivation. They are nocturnal, staying in hollow trees by day and foraging on (cultivated) fruit at night (Lekagul and McNeely 1988).

Major Threat(s):

There are no major threats to this species.


Conservation Actions:

In China, this species occurs in Diaoluoshan, Jianfengling, and Bawangling Nature Reserves (CSIS 2008), and is likely to be present in many other protected areas within its distribution. In China, it has been regionally Red Listed as Vulnerable A1c (Wang and Xie 2004).